Gott Horus Das alte Ägypten
Harendotes (altägyptisch Hor-nedjitef) ist eine seit dem Mittleren Reich belegte Gottheit in der ägyptischen Mythologie und eine Unterform des Gottes Horus. Horus ist ein Ortsgott - er wurde jedoch in ganz Ägypten verehrt. Es gibt keinen anderen Gott, der solch einen verbreiteten Kult genoss. Verwirrungen, die sich. Der Gott Horus war einer der Hauptgötter des alten Ägypten und eng mit dem Königtum verbunden. Horus als Himmelsgott. Ursprünglich war er jedoch ein. Seine Augen waren Sonne und Mond und so ist er auch zum Sonnengott geworden, einer solaren Gottheit, und erschien als Re-Harachte (=»Re-Horus im. Horus ist der mächtigste Gott der alten Ägypter. Zusammen mit seiner Mutter Isis und seinem Vater Osiris gehört er auch zu bekanntesten Götter im alten.
Horus ist der mächtigste Gott der alten Ägypter. Zusammen mit seiner Mutter Isis und seinem Vater Osiris gehört er auch zu bekanntesten Götter im alten. Der Gott Horus war einer der Hauptgötter des alten Ägypten und eng mit dem Königtum verbunden. Horus als Himmelsgott. Ursprünglich war er jedoch ein. Seine Augen waren Sonne und Mond und so ist er auch zum Sonnengott geworden, einer solaren Gottheit, und erschien als Re-Harachte (=»Re-Horus im.
Horus is one of the most well-known Egyptian gods. During his time of worship, he was one of the most important gods to Egyptians and there are many variations of his origins and legends.
There is still a preserved temple located in Upper Egypt dedicated to Horus. Horus was known as the god of the sky.
But there is one unique take on his purpose. It was said that the pharaoh of Egypt was the living image of the god. Whenever a new pharaoh would command the throne, he would become the physical representation of Horus.
The pharaoh would be protected by Horus, as he was also a protector god. He fought evil and represented righteousness and justice.
Horus was worshiped in all corners of Egypt but especially in Bendet, Khem, and Pe. He was especially worshiped as a guide to the pharaohs and had several temples built in his honor.
He was worshipped up until the end of the Pre-Dynastic period. The text that tells the legends and stories of Horus has been preserved through hieroglyphics, providing extreme confidence in the details and legitimacy of the following myths.
Before Horus was born, Set murdered Osiris and scattered the pieces of his body throughout Egypt. She found every piece except for his penis.
Some interpretations of the text say that she laid down with Osiris and conceived Horus while others say that she conceived her son on her own.
She then approached Ra and intoxicated him with wine. Because of his drunkenness, Ra told Isis his secret name, Horus. She knew that if she named her son the same name, he would have the power of the visible sun and the blood of the hidden sun.
This combination would make him victorious in everything. When the time came for Horus to be born, Isis hid him in a lotus flower. She told the baby to stay quiet and think only of her voice.
She left him, telling him that she would return only when it was safe for him to emerge. Though Isis feared that Set would find the baby, Horus had no fear as he only focused on the voice of his mother, hoping to hear it again.
Horus grew and the time came for his father to be replaced. The other gods were searching for an heir when Isis told them of Horus and that he was the only rightful heir to the throne.
This infuriated Set, who said that Horus was too young and that the honor should go to him instead. The gods debated amongst each other. Thoth believed that Horus was the rightful heir while Ra believed Set was the right choice.
They consulted with Neith , who determined Horus was the rightful heir. To make up for his loss, she said she would double everything Set owned.
There were several contests held to determine who would be the better king. In one contest, both Set and Horus turned themselves into hippopotamuses and saw who could hold their breath the longest.
Thoth restored the eye and told the boy it was the Light of the Moon. Hathor dripped milk into the eye and told the boy it was the Light of the Sun.
After Set was unable to conquer Horus, the gods declared the boy to be the new king. Set asked for just one more contest and invited Horus to battle.
According to The Contendings of Horus and Seth , Set is depicted as trying to prove his dominance by seducing Horus and then having sexual intercourse with him.
However, Horus places his hand between his thighs and catches Set's semen , then subsequently throws it in the river so that he may not be said to have been inseminated by Set.
Horus or Isis herself in some versions then deliberately spreads his own semen on some lettuce , which was Set's favorite food.
After Set had eaten the lettuce, they went to the gods to try to settle the argument over the rule of Egypt. The gods first listened to Set's claim of dominance over Horus, and call his semen forth, but it answered from the river, invalidating his claim.
Then, the gods listened to Horus' claim of having dominated Set, and call his semen forth, and it answered from inside Set.
However, Set still refused to relent, and the other gods were getting tired from over eighty years of fighting and challenges. Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone.
Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: his boat was made of wood painted to resemble stone, rather than true stone. Set's boat, being made of heavy stone, sank, but Horus' did not.
Horus then won the race, and Set stepped down and officially gave Horus the throne of Egypt. In many versions of the story, Horus and Set divide the realm between them.
This division can be equated with any of several fundamental dualities that the Egyptians saw in their world. Horus may receive the fertile lands around the Nile, the core of Egyptian civilization, in which case Set takes the barren desert or the foreign lands that are associated with it; Horus may rule the earth while Set dwells in the sky; and each god may take one of the two traditional halves of the country, Upper and Lower Egypt, in which case either god may be connected with either region.
Yet in the Memphite Theology , Geb , as judge, first apportions the realm between the claimants and then reverses himself, awarding sole control to Horus.
In this peaceable union, Horus and Set are reconciled, and the dualities that they represent have been resolved into a united whole.
Through this resolution, order is restored after the tumultuous conflict. Egyptologists have often tried to connect the conflict between the two gods with political events early in Egypt's history or prehistory.
The cases in which the combatants divide the kingdom, and the frequent association of the paired Horus and Set with the union of Upper and Lower Egypt, suggest that the two deities represent some kind of division within the country.
Egyptian tradition and archaeological evidence indicate that Egypt was united at the beginning of its history when an Upper Egyptian kingdom, in the south, conquered Lower Egypt in the north.
The Upper Egyptian rulers called themselves "followers of Horus", and Horus became the tutelary deity of the unified nation and its kings.
Yet Horus and Set cannot be easily equated with the two halves of the country. Both deities had several cult centers in each region, and Horus is often associated with Lower Egypt and Set with Upper Egypt.
Other events may have also affected the myth. Before even Upper Egypt had a single ruler, two of its major cities were Nekhen , in the far south, and Nagada , many miles to the north.
The rulers of Nekhen, where Horus was the patron deity, are generally believed to have unified Upper Egypt, including Nagada, under their sway.
Set was associated with Nagada, so it is possible that the divine conflict dimly reflects an enmity between the cities in the distant past.
Much later, at the end of the Second Dynasty c. His successor Khasekhemwy used both Horus and Set in the writing of his serekh. This evidence has prompted conjecture that the Second Dynasty saw a clash between the followers of the Horus king and the worshippers of Set led by Seth-Peribsen.
Khasekhemwy's use of the two animal symbols would then represent the reconciliation of the two factions, as does the resolution of the myth.
Horus the Younger, Harpocrates to the Ptolemaic Greeks, is represented in the form of a youth wearing a lock of hair a sign of youth on the right of his head while sucking his finger.
In addition, he usually wears the united crowns of Egypt, the crown of Upper Egypt and the crown of Lower Egypt. He is a form of the rising sun, representing its earliest light.
Horus gradually took on the nature as both the son of Osiris and Osiris himself. He was referred to as Golden Horus Osiris. He was sometimes believed to be both the father of himself as well as his own son, and some later accounts have Osiris being brought back to life by Isis.
He was one of the oldest gods of ancient Egypt. He became the patron of Nekhen Hierakonpolis and the first national god "God of the Kingdom" and was depicted as a hieracosphinx , a creature with a lion's body and a hawk's head and wings.
Later, he also became the patron of the pharaohs, and was called the son of truth  — signifying his role as an important upholder of Maat.
His right eye was the Sun and the left one was the Moon. Her-ur was sometimes depicted fully as a hawk, he was sometimes given the title Kemwer , meaning " the great black one ".
The Greek form of Her-ur is Haroeris or Harmakhis. It was believed that he was the inspiration for the Sphinx of Gizah , constructed under the order of Khafre , whose head it depicts.
Macrobius ' Chronicon noted the annual ancient Egyptian celebration of Horus, specifying the time as the winter solstice. An analysis of the works of Epiphanius of Salamis noted the Egyptian winter solstice celebration of Horus in Panarion.
William R. Cooper's book and Acharya S 's self-published book have suggested that there are many similarities between the story of Horus and the much posterior story of Jesus.
God Horus as a falcon wearing the Double Crown of Egypt. State Museum of Egyptian Art, Munich. Horus, patron deity of Hierakonpolis near Edfu , the predynastic capital of Upper Egypt.
Its head was executed by means of beating the gold then connecting it with the copper body. A uraeus is fixed to the diadem which supports two tall openwork feathers.
The eyes are inlaid with obsidian. Sixth Dynasty. Horus represented in relief with Wadjet and wearing the double crown.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut. Relief of Horus in the temple of Seti I in Abydos. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Egyptian war deity. This article is about the ancient Egyptian deity. For the Roman poet, see Horace. For other uses, see Horus disambiguation. Horus was often the ancient Egyptians' national tutelary deity.
He was usually depicted as a falcon-headed man wearing the pschent , or a red and white crown, as a symbol of kingship over the entire kingdom of Egypt.
Funerals Offering formula Temples Pyramids. Deities list. Symbols and objects. Related religions. Horus relief in the Temple of Edfu.
A Visitor's Guide to Ancient Egypt. Saffron Hill, London: Usborne Publishing. Redford, Horus: by Edmund S. Meltzer, pp.
Redford Ed. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Society of Biblical Literature.
As a result, some scholars argue that the mythical battle between Horus and Set was once a real battle between the followers of Set and the followers of Horus.
If this was the case, it would seem that the followers of Horus won as Horus remained a popular emblem of kingship while Set was gradually transformed into a symbol of evil.
However, it is interesting to note that Set was also known as he of Nubt gold town , so the symbol for gold could in fact relate to him.
Horus and Set were always placed in opposition to each other. However, the exact nature of their relationship changed somewhat over time.
Set was the embodiment of disorder and chaos while Horus was the embodiment of order. Similarly, Horus represented the daytime sky while Set represented the night time sky.
However, in early times the two were also seen as existing in a state of balance in which Horus and Set represented Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.
They were often depicted together to indicate the union of Upper and Lower Egypt and there is even a composite deity named Horus-Set, who was depicted as a man with two heads one of the hawk of Horus, the other of the Set animal.
However, the rise in importance of the Ennead resulted in Horus being cast as the son of Osiris and thus the nephew of Set. This changed the nature of the conflict between them, as it was now possible for Set to be defeated and for Horus to claim the throne of Egypt as his own.
Horus was also the patron of young men and was often described as the perfect example of the dutiful son who grows up to become a just man.
However, this is perhaps debatable in the light of one of the stories concerning his fight with Set. The mother of Horus Isis was a great magician who most certainly had the power to destroy Set.
However, when her chance came she could not take it. Set was, after all, her brother. Luckily for Horus, Isis was a compassionate and sympathetic goddess and she forgave her vengeful son his aggressive act.
The Egyptian God Horus was usually depicted as a falcon, or a falcon-headed man. In anthropomorphic form Horus appears as both an adult man and a child, wearing the sidelock of youth as the son of Isis.
This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Nut — ägyptische Göttin des Himmels. Ägyptische Zeichen: Götter, Ankh und Hieroglyphen.
Der König der ägyptischen Götter und das Horus-Auge. Coole seite echt geil Coole seite echt geil. Ägyptische Götter Hallo; , das Lob freut mich sehr.
Interessant Die Berichte und Fakten sind ja sehr interessant. Es fehlt mir allerdings einiges. Wieso wollte Seth Osiris töten? Hat Horus Geschwister?
Dein Text ist nicht vollständig! Das ist allerdings auch schwer. In diesen Themenkreis gehört auch die Episode, wie Horus seiner Mutter Isis den Kopf abschlägt, als sie Seth bei einem der vielen Zweikämpfe der beiden — im Laufe des 80 Jahre dauernden Zwistes — am Leben lässt als sie ihn hätte töten können.
Isis aber — das will ich schon mal anfügen — ist durch diese Attacke ihres Sohnes keinesfalls tot. Als die Zauberkräftige der ägyptischen Göttinnnen verwandelt sie sich in eine kopflose Statue und greift wieder in den Fortgang des Geschehens ein.
In diesen Themenkreis gehört auch, wie Seth den Horus in seinem Bett — ja vergewaltigt, bespringt, verführt — die Szene wird in verschiedenen Varianten ausgemalt.
Besonders liebevoll und zärtlich allerdings nicht. So soll Seth dem Horus — in einer Variante beide, in der anderen nur das linke Auge — herausgerissen haben.
Mal im Kampf, mal dem schlafendem Horus. Und wenn du noch weitere Fragen hast — immer her damit vielen Dank dir jedenfalls für deine Anregungen Angel.
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