Schach

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Schach ist ein strategisches Brettspiel, bei dem zwei Spieler abwechselnd Spielsteine auf einem Spielbrett bewegen. Ziel des Spiels ist es, den Gegner schachmatt zu setzen, das heißt, dessen König so anzugreifen, dass diesem weder Abwehr noch. Schach (von persisch šāh Schah / شاه /‚König' – daher die Bezeichnung „das königliche Spiel“) ist ein strategisches Brettspiel, bei dem zwei Spieler. Versuche einen der besten Schachcomputer zu besiegen. Du kannst den Schwierigkeitsgrad von 1 (leicht) bis 10 (Großmeister) einstellen. Wenn Du nicht​. Spielend besser spielen. Hier lernst Du einfach und schnell Schach. Wie ziehen die Figuren? Was ist gute Taktik? Wie setzt man Matt? Steig einfach jetzt ein. Schach spielen kostenlos gegen den Computer und Freunde. In diesem Bereich können Sie einfach als Gast kostenlos Online-Schach spielen. Erstellen Sie.

Schach

Versuche einen der besten Schachcomputer zu besiegen. Du kannst den Schwierigkeitsgrad von 1 (leicht) bis 10 (Großmeister) einstellen. Wenn Du nicht​. Shredder Online Schach. Spielen Sie eine Partie Schach gegen die Spaßstufen von Shredder 12 auf unseren Servern direkt in Ihrem Browser. Um einen Zug. Schach (von persisch šāh Schah / شاه /‚König' – daher die Bezeichnung „das königliche Spiel“) ist ein strategisches Brettspiel, bei dem zwei Spieler.

In the context of chess variants, regular i. FIDE chess is commonly referred to as Western chess , international chess , orthodox chess , orthochess , and classic chess.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Western board game. For other chess games or other uses, see Chess disambiguation.

Strategy board game. Part of a Staunton chess set Left to right: white king , black rook , black queen , white pawn , black knight , white bishop.

Main article: Rules of chess. Initial position, first bottom row: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, and rook; second row: pawns.

Moves of the king. Moves of a rook. Moves of a bishop. Moves of a queen. Moves of a knight. Moves of a pawn.

Main article: Castling. Main article: En passant. Main article: Promotion chess. Main article: Check chess. The black king is in check by the rook.

White is in checkmate , being unable to escape attack by the black bishops. Black is not in check and has no legal move. The result is stalemate.

Main article: History of chess. The " Immortal Game ", Anderssen vs. Kieseritzky, Main article: Chess in the arts. A chess party with live figures in Bitola , Main article: Chess notation.

Square names in algebraic chess notation. Main article: Chess opening. Main article: Chess middlegame. Main article: Chess endgame. Example of zugzwang.

Main article: Chess tactics. Botvinnik vs. Yudovich, [80]. After sacrificing a piece to expose Black's king, Botvinnik played Kxh5 Qxf4 Kf5 Kh7 Main article: Chess strategy.

After Tarrasch vs. Euwe, Bad Pistyan [87]. Main article: Chess titles. Main article: Chess problem. Main articles: Chess libraries , List of chess books , and List of chess periodicals.

Main articles: Chess variant and List of chess variants. Chess portal. The Spanish "x" was pronounced as English "sh", as the Portuguese "x" still is today.

The spelling of ajedrez changed after Spanish lost the "sh" sound. Retrieved 18 February International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 22 October Consejo Superior de Deportes.

Retrieved 19 February Chess Federation's official rules of chess. Just, Tim. New York. Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 2 May Li's The Genealogy of Chess ".

Archived from the original on 11 May Archived PDF from the original on 30 January Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 26 November Chess History and Reminiscences.

Archived from the original on 24 September Archived from the original on 4 June The Chess Variant Pages. Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original on 25 December World Chess Network.

Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 October Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 13 December Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 13 January Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 2 December Archived from the original on 2 December Online at University of Oregon.

Retrieved by Internet Archive, 19 May The Second Book of the Courtier. London, David Nutt. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 7 May The Game and Playe of the Chesse.

Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 20 May Bibliotheca Augustana. Archived from the original on 1 September Archived from the original on 24 March Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original PDF on 26 April Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 30 May A History of Chess , Skyhorse.

Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 1 April The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 10 January Archived from the original on 22 August Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 22 November Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 30 November ChessBase News.

Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 16 January A History of Chess. Oxford University Press. The Oxford Companion to Chess.

Retrieved on 11 January Archived from the original on 2 June In , Hooper and Whyld stated that Schmid's chess library "is the largest and finest in private hands, with more than 15, items".

In , Susan Polgar stated that Schmid "has over 20, chess books". Archived from the original on 10 February Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam states that Schmid "boasts to have amassed 50, chess books.

The title of the article refers to David DeLucia's collection, not Schmid's. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 7 February Archived 6 December at the Wayback Machine Mathworld.

Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 13 June University of Southampton and King's College Cambridge.

Archived from the original on 9 May Programming a Computer for Playing Chess. Philosophical Magazine , Ser. Available online at " computerhistory.

Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 14 May The Week in Chess. Archived from the original on 30 September The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 28 August Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 7 June Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology: Volume 8.

CRC Press. Machine Learning: An Algorithmic Perspective. New York: Chapman and Hall. Lichtenstein A 31 : — Bibcode : math Heuer Jr.

Archived from the original PDF on 12 May Retrieved 21 March Archived PDF from the original on 18 July Gobet, F.

Archived PDF from the original on 8 August Both retrieved Psychologie des schachspiels. Current Directions in Psychological Science.

The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. A; Joel David Hamkins Wayne New Rules for Classic Games. Adams, Jenny Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Binet, A. Paris: Hachette. Bird, Henry Edward [First published ]. Forgotten Books. Graham Burgess The Mammoth Book of Chess.

Davidson, Henry A. A Short History of Chess. New York: D. McKay Co. Thought and Choice in Chess English ed. The Hague: Mouton.

Assen, NL: Van Gorcum. New in Chess. Estes, Rebecca; Robinson, Dindy World Cultures Through Art Activities. Evans, Larry New Ideas in Chess.

New York: Pitman Dover edition. Franklin, Benjamin []. A Benjamin Franklin Reader. Hove, UK: Psychology Press. Acta Psychologica.

Harding, Tim Better Chess for Average Players. New York: Courier Dover Publications. Hartston, William R.

The Kings of Chess. New York: Pavilion Books. Holding, Dennis The Psychology of Chess Skill. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Hooper, David ; Whyld, Kenneth The Oxford Companion to Chess, Second edition. Howard, Kenneth S How to Solve Chess Problems. Feng-Hsiung Hsu Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Kasparov, Garry a. My Great Predecessors, part I. Kasparov, Garry b. My Great Predecessors, part II. My Great Predecessors, part IV.

Kasparov, Garry My Great Predecessors, part V. Keene, Raymond Gary Kasparov's Best Games. London: B. Lasker, Emanuel Lasker's Chess Primer.

London: Billings reprint. Leibs, Andrew Sports and Games of the Renaissance. Levitt, Gerald M. The Turk, Chess Automaton. Li, David H.

The Genealogy of Chess. Bethesda, MD: Premier. Metzner, Paul Berkeley: University of California Press. Murray, H. Northampton, Mass. Olmert, Michael Parlett, David The Oxford History of Board Games.

Oxford University Press Inc. Pritchard, David Popular Chess Variants. London: Batsford Chess Books. Robbins, T.

Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 28 June Saariluoma, Pertti New York: Routledge.

Silman, Jeremy The Complete Book of Chess Strategy. Los Angeles: Silman-James Press. Shibut, Macon Paul Morphy and the Evolution of Chess Theory.

Steinitz, William; Landsberger, Kurt Tamburro, Pete September Chess Life : 18— Tarrasch, Siegbert The Game of Chess. Vale, Malcolm Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Verwer, Renzo Bobby Fischer for Beginners. Alkmaar: New in Chess. Watson, John Secrets of Modern Chess Strategy. London: Gambit Publications.

Weenink, H. Hume, G. The Chess Problem. Stroud: Office of The Chess Amateur. Weissberger, Barbara F.

Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Wilkinson, Charles K. May The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. New Series 1 9 : — Yalom, Marilyn Birth of the Chess Queen.

New York: Harper Collins Publishers. Listen to this article. This audio file was created from a revision of this article dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits.

Audio help More spoken articles. Chess at Wikipedia's sister projects. List of openings theory table List of chess gambits Irregular Fool's mate Scholar's mate.

Bishop and knight checkmate King and pawn vs king Opposite-colored bishops Pawnless endgame Queen and pawn vs queen Queen vs pawn Rook and bishop vs rook Rook and pawn vs rook Lucena position Philidor position Strategy fortress opposition Tarrasch rule triangulation Zugzwang Study Tablebase Two knights endgame Wrong bishop Wrong rook pawn.

Chess portal Category. World Chess Championships. Book Category Portal. Major recurring international chess tournaments. Strong chess tournaments Mini chess tournaments Round-robin chess tournaments.

Chess competitions National championships Supranational championships. Chess pieces. Chess set Chess box Hippogonal Colorbound.

Published by syscro. Developed by syscro. Approximate size Age rating For all ages. Category Strategy. This app can Access your Internet connection.

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Shredder Online Schach. Spielen Sie eine Partie Schach gegen die Spaßstufen von Shredder 12 auf unseren Servern direkt in Ihrem Browser. Um einen Zug. Schach spielen online im Browser mit anderen Spielern und gegen unsere Computer Gegner kostenlos. Schach - kostenloses Onlinespiel. Das königliche Spiel Schach ist leicht zu lernen, aber bietet unzählige taktische Möglichkeiten: Setze den gegnerischen. ChessBase: Berichterstattungen zum Thema Schach - Turniere, Meisterschaften, Portraits, Interviews, Weltmeisterschaften, Produktvorstellungen und mehr. Hier kann jeder kostenlos Schach spielen. Einfach Spielpartner suchen und eines der zahlreichen Schachbretter belegen. Live-Play- oder E-Mail-Modus.

Schach - Anleitung zum Schachspielen

Show New Videoee 3r4z8z7kz3pkp1pz4p3z2p1p3z8z6r1 w - - 0 1x48y53v3u2. Für die meisten Meisterspieler ist der Computer mittlerweile unverzichtbar bei der Eröffnungsvorbereitung und Analyse ihrer Partien. Die Zahl der Fachleute, die den baldigen endgültigen Sieg der Programme über jeden menschlichen Spieler voraussagen, wächst ständig. This system operated on a three-year cycle. For example, Fernand Gobet and Em Quali Deutschland have shown that Top 20 Casinos players started playing chess at a young age and that experts born in the Northern Hemisphere are more likely to have been born in late winter and early spring. You already know chess, then play against Fritz now: He adapts to your playing strength, gives tips, lets you take back moves and: Fritz makes mistakes like a human. Chess set Chess box Hippogonal Colorbound. Usually, the pawn is chosen to be promoted to a queen, but in some cases another piece is chosen; this is called underpromotion. Elverum Fotball example, Schach the animated diagram, the black pawn advances two steps from g7 to g5, Schach the white pawn Www.Spiele Kostenlos Online Spielen.De f5 can take it en passant on g6 but only on White's next move. There is an extensive scientific literature on chess psychology.

Schach Video

Die GOLDENEN Eröffnungsregeln -- Wie man eine Schachpartie eröffnet

Chess was occasionally criticized in the 19th century as a waste of time. Chess is taught to children in schools around the world today.

Many schools host chess clubs, and there are many scholastic tournaments specifically for children. Tournaments are held regularly in many countries, hosted by organizations such as the United States Chess Federation and the National Scholastic Chess Foundation.

Chess is also present in contemporary popular culture. For example, the characters in Star Trek play a futuristic version of the game called " Tri-Dimensional Chess ".

Rowling's Harry Potter plays. The hero of Searching for Bobby Fischer struggles against adopting the aggressive and misanthropic views of a world chess champion.

The thriller film Knight Moves is about a chess grandmaster who is accused of being a serial killer. The game of chess, at times, has been discouraged by various religious authorities, including Jewish, Christian and Muslim.

Jewish scholars Maimonides and Kalonymus ben Kalonymus both condemned chess, though the former only condemned it when played for money while the latter condemned it in all circumstances.

Iran now has an active confederation for playing chess and sends players to international events. Chess games and positions are recorded using a system of notation, most commonly algebraic chess notation.

The pieces are identified by their initials. For example, Qg5 means "queen moves to the g-file, 5th rank" that is, to the square g5.

Chess literature published in other languages may use different initials for pieces, or figurine algebraic notation FAN may be used to avoid language issues.

To resolve ambiguities, an additional letter or number is added to indicate the file or rank from which the piece moved e.

Ngf3 means "knight from the g-file moves to the square f3"; R1e2 means "rook on the first rank moves to e2". The letter P for pawn is not used; so e4 means "pawn moves to the square e4".

If the piece makes a capture, "x" is inserted before the destination square. Thus Bxf3 means "bishop captures on f3". When a pawn makes a capture, the file from which the pawn departed is used in place of a piece initial, and ranks may be omitted if unambiguous.

For example, exd5 pawn on the e-file captures the piece on d5 or exd pawn on the e-file captures a piece somewhere on the d-file. Particularly in Germany, some publications use ":" rather than "x" to indicate capture, but this is now rare.

Some publications omit the capture symbol altogether; so exd5 would be rendered simply as ed. Castling is indicated by the special notations for kingside castling and for queenside castling.

An en passant capture is sometimes marked with the notation "e. Checkmate can be indicated by " ". For example: "!

For example, one variation of a simple trap known as the Scholar's mate see animated diagram can be recorded:. The text-based Portable Game Notation PGN , which is understood by chess software, is based on short form English language algebraic notation.

Until about , the majority of English language chess publications used a form of descriptive notation. In descriptive notation, files are named according to the piece which occupies the back rank at the start of the game, and each square has two different names depending on whether it is from White's or Black's point of view.

For example, the square known as "e3" in algebraic notation is "K3" King's 3rd from White's point of view, and "K6" King's 6th from Black's point of view.

When recording captures, the captured piece is named rather than the square on which it is captured except to resolve ambiguities.

Thus, Scholar's mate is rendered in descriptive notation:. Squares are identified by numeric coordinates, for example a1 is "11" and h8 is "88".

Moves are described by the "from" and "to" squares, e. Captures are not indicated. Castling is described by the king's move only; e.

A game of chess can be loosely divided into three phases of play: the opening , the middlegame , and the endgame. A chess opening is the group of initial moves of a game the "opening moves".

Recognized sequences of opening moves are referred to as openings and have been given names such as the Ruy Lopez or Sicilian Defense.

They are catalogued in reference works such as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings. In some opening lines, the exact sequence considered best for both sides has been worked out to more than 30 moves.

The fundamental strategic aims of most openings are similar: [73]. Most players and theoreticians consider that White, by virtue of the first move, begins the game with a small advantage.

This initially gives White the initiative. The middlegame is the part of the game which starts after the opening.

There is no clear line between the opening and the middlegame, but typically the middlegame will start when most pieces have been developed.

Similarly, there is no clear transition from the middlegame to the endgame; see start of the endgame. Because the opening theory has ended, players have to form plans based on the features of the position, and at the same time take into account the tactical possibilities of the position.

Combinations are a series of tactical moves executed to achieve some gain. Middlegame combinations are often connected with an attack against the opponent's king.

Some typical patterns have their own names; for example, the Boden's Mate or the Lasker—Bauer combination. Specific plans or strategic themes will often arise from particular groups of openings which result in a specific type of pawn structure.

An example is the minority attack , which is the attack of queenside pawns against an opponent who has more pawns on the queenside.

The study of openings is therefore connected to the preparation of plans that are typical of the resulting middlegames. Another important strategic question in the middlegame is whether and how to reduce material and transition into an endgame i.

Minor material advantages can generally be transformed into victory only in an endgame, and therefore the stronger side must choose an appropriate way to achieve an ending.

Not every reduction of material is good for this purpose; for example, if one side keeps a light-squared bishop and the opponent has a dark-squared one, the transformation into a bishops and pawns ending is usually advantageous for the weaker side only, because an endgame with bishops on opposite colors is likely to be a draw, even with an advantage of a pawn, or sometimes even with a two-pawn advantage.

The endgame also end game or ending is the stage of the game when there are few pieces left on the board. There are three main strategic differences between earlier stages of the game and the endgame: [79].

Endgames can be classified according to the type of pieces remaining on the board. Basic checkmates are positions in which one side has only a king and the other side has one or two pieces and can checkmate the opposing king, with the pieces working together with their king.

For example, king and pawn endgames involve only kings and pawns on one or both sides, and the task of the stronger side is to promote one of the pawns.

Other more complicated endings are classified according to pieces on the board other than kings, such as " rook and pawn versus rook " endgames.

These two aspects of the gameplay cannot be completely separated, because strategic goals are mostly achieved through tactics, while the tactical opportunities are based on the previous strategy of play.

A game of chess is normally divided into three phases: the opening , typically the first 10 moves, when players move their pieces to useful positions for the coming battle; the middlegame ; and last the endgame , when most of the pieces are gone, kings typically take a more active part in the struggle, and pawn promotion is often decisive.

The possible depth of calculation depends on the player's ability. In quiet positions with many possibilities on both sides, a deep calculation is more difficult and may not be practical, while in positions with a limited number of forced variations, strong players can calculate long sequences of moves.

Theoreticians describe many elementary tactical methods and typical maneuvers, for example: pins , forks , skewers , batteries , discovered attacks especially discovered checks , zwischenzugs , deflections , decoys , sacrifices , underminings , overloadings , and interferences.

A common type of chess exercise, aimed at developing players' skills, is a position where a decisive combination is available and the challenge is to find it.

Chess strategy is concerned with evaluation of chess positions and with setting up goals and long-term plans for the future play.

During the evaluation, players must take into account numerous factors such as the value of the pieces on the board, control of the center and centralization, the pawn structure , king safety, and the control of key squares or groups of squares for example, diagonals, open files, and dark or light squares.

The most basic step in evaluating a position is to count the total value of pieces of both sides. The king is more valuable than all of the other pieces combined, since its checkmate loses the game.

But in practical terms, in the endgame the king as a fighting piece is generally more powerful than a bishop or knight but less powerful than a rook.

Another important factor in the evaluation of chess positions is the pawn structure sometimes known as the pawn skeleton : the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.

Weaknesses in the pawn structure, such as isolated , doubled , or backward pawns and holes , once created, are often permanent.

Care must therefore be taken to avoid these weaknesses unless they are compensated by another valuable asset for example, by the possibility of developing an attack.

Contemporary chess is an organized sport with structured international and national leagues, tournaments, and congresses.

FIDE is a member of the International Olympic Committee , [90] but the game of chess has never been part of the Olympic Games ; chess has its own Olympiad , held every two years as a team event.

Invitation-only tournaments regularly attract the world's strongest players. Besides these prestigious competitions, there are thousands of other chess tournaments, matches, and festivals held around the world every year catering to players of all levels.

Chess is promoted as a "mind sport" by the Mind Sports Organisation , alongside other mental-skill games such as contract bridge , Go , and Scrabble.

The best players can be awarded specific lifetime titles by the world chess organization FIDE: [94]. All the titles are open to men and women.

Beginning with Nona Gaprindashvili in , a number of women have earned the GM title, and as of , all of the top ten rated women hold the unrestricted GM title.

As of [update] , there are active grandmasters and international masters in the world. The top three countries with the largest numbers of grandmasters are Russia, the United States, and Germany, with , 98, and 96, respectively.

FIDE also awards titles for arbiters and trainers. International titles are awarded to composers and solvers of chess problems and to correspondence chess players by the International Correspondence Chess Federation.

National chess organizations may also award titles, usually to the advanced players still under the level needed for international titles; an example is the chess expert title used in the United States.

Elo is a statistical system based on the assumption that the chess performance of each player in his or her games is a random variable.

Arpad Elo thought of a player's true skill as the average of that player's performance random variable, and showed how to estimate the average from results of player's games.

Broadly, a difference of Elo points represents an expected result of 0. The US Chess Federation implemented Elo's suggestions in , and the system quickly gained recognition as being both fairer and more accurate than older systems; it was adopted by FIDE in Chess composition is the art of creating chess problems also called chess compositions.

The creator is known as a chess composer. Chess composition is a distinct branch of chess sport, and tournaments exist for both the composition and solving of chess problems.

It seems impossible to catch the advanced black pawn, while the black king can easily stop the white pawn. The solution is a diagonal advance, which brings the king to both pawns simultaneously:.

Both sides will queen, resulting in a draw. Chess has an extensive literature. In , the chess historian H. Murray estimated the total number of books, magazines, and chess columns in newspapers to be about 5, Wood estimated the number, as of , to be about 20, No one knows how many have been printed.

The game structure and nature of chess are related to several branches of mathematics. Many combinatorical and topological problems connected to chess have been known for hundreds of years.

The number of legal positions in chess is estimated to be about 10 43 , and has been proved to be fewer than 10 47 , [] [] with a game-tree complexity of approximately 10 The game-tree complexity of chess was first calculated by Claude Shannon as 10 , a number known as the Shannon number.

Chess has inspired many combinatorial puzzles, such as the knight's tour and the eight queens puzzle. Since the advent of the digital computer in the s, chess enthusiasts, computer engineers , and computer scientists have built, with increasing degrees of seriousness and success, chess-playing machines and computer programs.

The chess machine is an ideal one to start with, since: 1 the problem is sharply defined both in allowed operations the moves and in the ultimate goal checkmate ; 2 it is neither so simple as to be trivial nor too difficult for satisfactory solution; 3 chess is generally considered to require "thinking" for skillful play; a solution of this problem will force us either to admit the possibility of a mechanized thinking or to further restrict our concept of "thinking"; 4 the discrete structure of chess fits well into the digital nature of modern computers.

CHESS 3. Nowadays, chess programs compete in the World Computer Chess Championship , held annually since At first considered only a curiosity, the best chess playing programs have become extremely strong.

In , a mobile phone won a category 6 tournament with a performance rating chess engine Hiarcs 13 running on the mobile phone HTC Touch HD won the Copa Mercosur tournament with nine wins and one draw.

With huge databases of past games and high analytical ability, computers can help players to learn chess and prepare for matches.

Internet Chess Servers allow people to find and play opponents worldwide. The presence of computers and modern communication tools have raised concerns regarding cheating during games, most notably the " bathroom controversy " during the World Championship.

In , Ernst Zermelo used chess as a basis for his theory of game strategies, which is considered as one of the predecessors of game theory. The category, game theoretical taxonomy of chess includes: two player, no-chance, combinatorial, Markov state present state is all a player needs to move; although past state led up to that point, knowledge of the sequence of past moves is not required to make the next move, except to take into account of en passant and castling, which do depend on the past moves , zero sum, symmetric, perfect information, non-cooperative, discrete, extensive form tree decisions, not payoff matrices , and sequential.

Some applications of combinatorial game theory to chess endgames were found by Elkies There is an extensive scientific literature on chess psychology.

De Groot showed that chess masters can memorize positions shown for a few seconds almost perfectly. The ability to memorize does not alone account for chess-playing skill, since masters and novices, when faced with random arrangements of chess pieces, had equivalent recall about six positions in each case.

Rather, it is the ability to recognize patterns, which are then memorized, which distinguished the skilled players from the novices. When the positions of the pieces were taken from an actual game, the masters had almost total positional recall.

More recent research has focused on chess as mental training ; the respective roles of knowledge and look-ahead search; brain imaging studies of chess masters and novices; blindfold chess ; the role of personality and intelligence in chess skill; gender differences; and computational models of chess expertise.

The role of practice and talent in the development of chess and other domains of expertise has led to much recent research. Ericsson and colleagues have argued that deliberate practice is sufficient for reaching high levels of expertise in chess.

For example, Fernand Gobet and colleagues have shown that stronger players started playing chess at a young age and that experts born in the Northern Hemisphere are more likely to have been born in late winter and early spring.

Compared to general population, chess players are more likely to be non-right-handed, though they found no correlation between handedness and skill.

A relationship between chess skill and intelligence has long been discussed in the literature and popular culture. Academic studies of the relationship date back at least to There are more than two thousand published chess variants, [] most of them of relatively recent origin, [] including:.

Prime sources in English describing chess variants and their rules include David Pritchard 's encyclopedias, [] the website The Chess Variant Pages created by Hans Bodlaender with various contributors, and the magazine Variant Chess published from George Jellis to the British Chess Variants Society.

In the context of chess variants, regular i. FIDE chess is commonly referred to as Western chess , international chess , orthodox chess , orthochess , and classic chess.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Western board game. For other chess games or other uses, see Chess disambiguation.

Strategy board game. Part of a Staunton chess set Left to right: white king , black rook , black queen , white pawn , black knight , white bishop.

Main article: Rules of chess. Initial position, first bottom row: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, and rook; second row: pawns.

Moves of the king. Moves of a rook. Moves of a bishop. Moves of a queen. Moves of a knight. Moves of a pawn. Main article: Castling.

Main article: En passant. Main article: Promotion chess. Main article: Check chess. The black king is in check by the rook. White is in checkmate , being unable to escape attack by the black bishops.

Black is not in check and has no legal move. The result is stalemate. Main article: History of chess.

The " Immortal Game ", Anderssen vs. Kieseritzky, Main article: Chess in the arts. A chess party with live figures in Bitola , Main article: Chess notation.

Square names in algebraic chess notation. Main article: Chess opening. Main article: Chess middlegame.

Main article: Chess endgame. Example of zugzwang. Main article: Chess tactics. Botvinnik vs. Yudovich, [80]. After sacrificing a piece to expose Black's king, Botvinnik played Kxh5 Qxf4 Kf5 Kh7 Main article: Chess strategy.

After Tarrasch vs. Euwe, Bad Pistyan [87]. Main article: Chess titles. Main article: Chess problem. Main articles: Chess libraries , List of chess books , and List of chess periodicals.

Main articles: Chess variant and List of chess variants. Chess portal. The Spanish "x" was pronounced as English "sh", as the Portuguese "x" still is today.

The spelling of ajedrez changed after Spanish lost the "sh" sound. Retrieved 18 February International Olympic Committee.

Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 22 October ChessBase Login. Play better by playing! Learn chess. Log in to see your progress Start course now Or look at a specific topic without a course, e.

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Schach - Schach spielen kostenlos gegen den Computer und Freunde

View the new video! Für die meisten Meisterspieler ist der Computer mittlerweile unverzichtbar bei der Eröffnungsvorbereitung und Analyse ihrer Partien. Sofern der Spieler seine ursprüngliche Dame noch hat und somit eine zweite umwandelt , wird oft die umgewandelte Dame durch einen umgedrehten Turm dargestellt. Ein Schachgebot muss stets pariert werden, und der König darf auch nicht einer Bedrohung ausgesetzt werden: Nach jedem Halbzug eines Spielers muss der König dieses Spielers unbedroht sein. Live Turniere. Zwei unmittelbar nebeneinander stehende Bauern einer Partei bezeichnet man als Bauernduo. Ein isolierter Doppelbauer wird auch als Doppel-Isolani, drei hintereinander stehende isolierte Bauern werden als Tripel-Isolani bezeichnet. Schach The category, game theoretical taxonomy of chess includes: two Spiele Novoline Games, no-chance, combinatorial, Markov state present state is Casino Online El Torero a player needs to move; although past state led up to that point, knowledge of the sequence of past moves is not required to make the Schach move, Star Games Einloggen to take into account of en passant and castling, which do depend on the past moveszero sum, Schach, perfect information, non-cooperative, discrete, extensive form tree decisions, not payoff Play Worms Onlineand sequential. Moves of a pawn. Strategytactics. The Week in Chess. Retrieved 30 May Report this game to Microsoft. Archived from the original Virtual Clone Drive 22 January Konrad Zuse lernte eigens Schach, um ein Schachprogramm schreiben zu können, da er dies als die richtige Herausforderung für seine Computer und den Plankalkül betrachtete. Jahrhunderts [21] auch Bücher und ab Mitte des Eröffnungstheoretisch interessant Donchenko - Gazik E Cookie also einer kleinen Textdatei auf Deinem Computer abgelegt. Obwohl sich die genauen Regularien des Standardschachs inzwischen Schach geändert haben, wird es in der Tradition des Wettkampfschachs gesehen und — in Abgrenzung zu jüngeren Schachformen und Schachvarianten — als klassisches Schach bezeichnet. Diese können sich nicht gegenseitig bedrohen. Roulette Strategien Fur Ec Rapid Runde 7 jetzt live.

Schach Inhaltsverzeichnis

Dieses Schach kann eine ungedeckte Figur sein oder ein Feld z. Eine weitere Eröffnungsfalle ist das Seekadettenmatt. Eine weitere Möglichkeit zum Spielgewinn Erfahrungen Mit Lottoland die Aufgabe des Gegners, dies ist jederzeit während der Partie möglich. Der Königsindische Angriff ist voller positioneller und taktischer Ideen und oft eine unangenehme Überraschung für den Gegner. Ihre Einstellungen zu Cookies für diese Website Wir verwenden Cookies und vergleichbare Technologien, um bestimmte Funktionen zur Verfügung zu stellen, die Nutzererfahrungen zu verbessern und interessengerechte Inhalte auszuspielen. Schwarz am Zug gewinnt. Taktik in Livepartie Leniart - Warakomski. Ein bereits sehr Pokern Berlin Prenzlauer Berg Nebenzweig des Schachspiels ist Casino Handy Kunst- oder Problemschach Schachkomposition. Im Endspielwenn nicht mehr viele Figuren vorhanden sind, die die Könige bedrohen können, kommt Schach eine aktive Rolle zu. Lektionen für Eröffnungen, Mittelspiel und Endspiel. Wir verwenden Cookies und vergleichbare Technologien, um bestimmte Funktionen zur Verfügung zu stellen, die Nutzererfahrungen zu verbessern und interessengerechte Schach auszuspielen. User online. Es ist ein charakteristisches Merkmal des Schachspiels, dass der König selbst nicht geschlagen wird, sondern die Partie einen Zug, bevor dies unabwendbar geschehen würde, endet. Im Gegensatz zu den anderen bisher genannten Schachformen kann es aus praktischen Gründen kaum auf einem Brett gespielt werden. Show New Videodg cbmvideoendspiele Show New Videodf cbmdvdendspiele. Zinn gefertigt sind. Hat ein Spieler die ihm zur Verfügung stehende Bedenkzeit überschritten, Schach die Partie als für ihn verloren; Ausnahmen dazu werden unter Gebrauch der Schachuhren im Hauptartikel erläutert. Heute sind sie menschlichen Spielern fast ausnahmslos Youtube Online Slots. Will ein Golf Betting die Figur lediglich zurechtrücken, muss er das vorher bekanntgeben. Keine Partie verfügbar, einfach eine neue starten! Bei dem trainieren mit der künstlichen Intelligenz, kann Schach ein durchgeführter Zug wieder zurück genommen werden. Live Turniere. Grundsätzlich ist es den Spielern gestattet, jederzeit ein Remis Unentschieden zu vereinbaren. Schachaufgaben vor der breiten Verbreitung des Buchdrucks und Mansuben genannte Aufgaben für das frühere arabische Schachspiel sind gewöhnlich aus Manuskripten und Traktaten wie der Göttinger Handschrift überliefert, während Schach Ende des Zusätzlich wird ein technisches Feld gespeichert Blackjack Tricksum sicherzustellen, dass einige Aktionen nur in dem aktiven Browser-Tab ausgeführt Europa Lig z. Bei uns kann das klassische Brettspiel Schach gegen Computer, Freunde oder zufällige Gegner gespielt werden. Auch im Mittelspiel ist eine sichere Position Iron Mac Königs, wo er vor gegnerischen Angriffen geschützt ist, von Bedeutung.

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